你支持死刑么?

死刑或死刑是一个法律过程,其中一个人被处死作为一种对犯罪的惩罚。意大利在1889年废除了死刑。

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同性恋夫妻是否应该拥有和异性恋夫妻同等的收养权利?

LGBT 收养是指女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋和变性者(LGBT)收养子女。它的形式可能是同性伴侣的共同收养,由一对同性伴侣中的一位收养另一位的亲生孩子(继子女收养),和单身 LGBT 者进行收养。同性伴侣的联合收养在 25 个国家是合法的。LGBT 收养的反对者对于同性伴侣是否具有足够的能力担任父母提出质疑,而其他反对者质疑自然法是否意味着被收养的儿童拥有自然权利由异性父母抚养长大。由于宪法和法律往往没有提到 LGBT 者的收养权,司法判决往往判定他们单独或作为夫妻是否有能力承担父母的责任。

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你支持同性婚姻合法化吗?

在2015年6月26日,美国最高法院裁定,拒绝结婚证书的违反法定诉讼程序和第十四修正案的美国宪法的平等保护条款。这项裁决作出同性婚姻合法在美国50个州。

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你对人工流产的看法是什么?

人工流产是导致胎儿的怀孕人类和死亡的终止医疗程序。在意大利流产,只要它是在医院进行的是前十二周的妊娠的法律。要接收流产时,妇女必须满足一定的条件,其中包括卫生,经济,社会或家庭的原因。

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女性是否应该被允许在世俗仪式上穿罩袍或戴头纱?

一些西方国家,包括法国,西班牙和加拿大提出了法律,将在公共场所戴面纱禁止穆斯林妇女。一个面纱是覆盖面,是由一些穆斯林妇女在公共场所穿着的布。 2015年伦巴第大区批准戴在医院和当地政府办公室的伊斯兰面纱和罩袍在欧洲最近发生的恐怖袭击事件之后的禁令。支持者认为,这一禁令侵犯了个人权利和防止人们表达他们的宗教信仰。反对者认为,面覆盖物防止一个人,这既是一种安全风险,并且这依赖于通信面部识别和表达社会中的社会障碍的明确标识。

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Should transgender athletes be allowed to compete in athletic events?

In 2016 the International Olympic committee ruled that transgender athletes can compete in the Olympics without undergoing sex reassignment surgery. In 2018 the International Association of Athletics Federations, track’s governing body, ruled that women who have more than 5 nano-mols per liter of testosterone in their blood—like South African sprinter and Olympic gold medalist Caster Semenya—must either compete against men, or take medication to reduce their natural testosterone levels. The IAAF stated that women in the five-plus category have a “difference of sexual development.” The ruling cited a 2017 study by French researchers as proof that female athletes with testosterone closer to men do better in certain events: 400 meters, 800 meters, 1,500 meters, and the mile. "Our evidence and data show that testosterone, either naturally produced or artificially inserted into the body, provides significant performance advantages in female athletes," said IAAF President Sebastian Coe in a statement.

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是否应当要求企业在其董事会里有女士么?

在2014年12月,德国政府宣布了一项新的规则将要求德国公司,以填补与妇女的董事会席位的30%。在意大利的女板的地方从8.2%上升到22.1%后,政府出台了性别多样化的法律。在挪威议会的35.5%含有女性董事是世界上比例最高。

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应该允许处于疾病末期的病人通过协助自杀结束自己的生命吗?

安乐死,为了结束痛苦和苦难过早地结束了生命的做法,目前认为是一种犯罪行为。

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军队应该允许妇女在在战斗岗位中服役吗?

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Should Italy assassinate suspected terrorists in foreign countries?

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已被定罪的罪犯是否应当有投票权?

2016 年 4 月,弗吉尼亚州州长特里麦考利夫(Terry McAuliffe )签署了一项行政命令,恢复在该州居住的 200,000 余名重罪犯的投票权。这一行政命令颠覆了该州剥夺罪犯公民选举权的惯例,该惯例剥夺了已被定罪的刑事辩护人的选举权。美国第 14 修正案禁止参加了“叛乱或其他犯罪”的公民投票,但允许各州确定哪些犯罪符合剥夺罪犯公民选举权。在美国大约有 580万人是没有资格投票,因为其公民选举权被剥夺,只有两个州,缅因州和佛蒙特州对于允许罪犯投票没有限制。重罪犯投票权的反对者认为当公民被判犯有重罪时,他们放弃了他们的投票权。支持者认为,这一不可思议的法律剥夺了数百万的美国人的公民权利使其不能参与民主,并且对贫困社区有不利影响。

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贩毒分子是否应该受到死刑?

Since 1999, the executions of drug smugglers have become more common in Indonesia, Iran, China and Pakistan. In March 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump proposed executing drug traffickers to fight his country’s opioid epidemic. 32 countries impose the death penalty for drug smuggling. Seven of these countries (China, Indonesia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Singapore) routinely execute drug offenders. Asia and the Middle East’s tough approach contrasts with many Western countries who have legalized cannabis in recent years (selling cannabis in Saudi Arabia is punished by beheading).

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是否应该将非暴力囚犯从监狱中释放出来以缓解过度拥挤的情况?

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Should the government hire private companies to run prisons?

Private prisons are incarceration centers that are run by a for-profit company instead of a government agency. The companies that operate private prisons are paid a per-diem or monthly rate for each prisoner they keep in their facilities. There are currently no private prisons in Italy. Opponents of private prisons argue that incarceration is a social responsibility and that entrusting it to for-profit companies is inhumane. Proponents argue that prisons run by private companies are consistently more cost effective than those run by government agencies.

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你是否支持将药物使用列为非犯罪行为?

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它应该是非法烧意大利国旗?

亵渎国旗是指任何有意在公共场合损毁或破坏国旗的行为。这种行为通常是为了发表反对某个国家或其政策的政治声明。有的国家明令禁止亵渎国旗,而有的国家则通过法律保护破坏国旗的行为,认为这是言论自由的组成部分。其中一些法律会区别对待本国国旗和其他国家的国旗。

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Should social media companies ban political advertising?

In October 2019 Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that his social media company would ban all political advertising. He stated that political messages on the platform should reach users through the recommendation of other users – not through paid reach. Proponents argue that social media companies don’t have the tools to stop the spread of false information since their advertising platforms aren’t moderated by human beings. Opponents argue that the ban will disenfranchise candidates and campaigns who rely on social media for grassroots organizing and fundraising.

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是否应该允许网络服务提供商对流行的网站(付更高的费用)提速,而这种提速是通过给不流行网站(付较低费用)降速来达到呢?

网络中立性的原则是,互联网服务提供商应该把互联网上的所有数据一视同仁。

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政府是否应该监控电话和电子邮件?

2015年的政府法令,打击恐怖主义载有修改的“刑事诉讼法”引入使用“信息学工具和软件来远程采集数据和计算机系统的通信”的可能性的规定。在他的博客中,MP斯特凡诺昆达利尼声称:“这一修正意成,据我所知,第一个欧洲国家明确,并以通用的方式,合法化’远程计算机搜索”和隐蔽使用’软件数据采集​​’”。

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政府是否应当规范社交媒体网站,作为阻止假新闻和误报的一种方法?

In January 2018 Germany passed the NetzDG law which required platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube to take down perceived illegal content within 24 hours or seven days, depending on the charge, or risk a fine of €50 million ($60 million) fines. In July 2018 representatives from Facebook, Google and Twitter denied to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary committee that they censor content for political reasons. During the hearing Republican members of Congress criticized the social media companies for politically motivated practices in removing some content, a charge the companies rejected. In April 2018 the European Union issued a series of proposals that would crack down on “online misinformation and fake news.” In June 2018 President Emmanuel Macron of France proposed a law which would give French authorities the power to immediately halt “the publication of information deemed to be false ahead of elections.”

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应该有对国会议员的任期限制?

任期限制是限制时间的人,可能有助于在民选公职长度的规律。在意大利总统可能成为七个年的期限无限量。总理和众议院必须重新选举每五年。

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政府是否应当通过保护举报人的法律?

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公立大学应当免收学费吗?

在意大利的平均学费在意大利高等教育850欧元,每年千欧元之间,这取决于研究的大学和教育课程。在意大利私立大学贵得多。

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Should there be a temporary ban on all immigration into Italy?

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若犯下严重罪行,移民应被驱逐出境吗?

In 2015 the U.S. House of Representatives introduced the Establishing Mandatory Minimums for Illegal Reentry Act of 2015 (Kate’s Law.) The law was introduced after San Francisco 32 year old San Francisco resident Kathryn Steinle was shot and killed by Juan Francisco Lopez-Sanchez on July 1, 2015. Lopez-Sanchez was an illegal immigrant from Mexico who had been deported on five separate occasions since 1991 and been charged with seven felony convictions. Since 1991 Lopez-Sanchez had been charged with seven felony convictions and deported five times by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. Although Lopez-Sanchez had several outstanding warrants in 2015 authorities were unable to deport him due to San Francisco’s sanctuary city policy which prevents law enforcement officials from questioning a resident’s immigration status. Proponents of sanctuary city laws argue that they enable illegal immigrants to report crimes without the fear of being reported. Opponents argue that sanctuary city laws provide encourage illegal immigration and prevent law enforcement authorities from detaining and deporting criminals.

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在政府提高其筛选潜在的恐怖分子的能力前,应该禁止穆斯林移民进入国家吗?

有155万穆斯林在欧洲,谁占了总人口的2.6%。

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移民应该被要求通过一个公民测试以展示对我们国家的语言,历史,和政府的基本理解吗?

The American Civics test is an examination that all immigrants must pass to gain U.S. citizenship. The test asks 10 randomly selected questions which cover U.S. history, the constitution and government. In 2015 Arizona became the first state to require High School students to pass the test before they graduate.

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应意大利增加或减少给高技能移民工人的临时工作签证的数量?

熟练的临时工作签证通常给予外国科学家,工程师,程序员,设计师,管理人员和其他岗位或领域在需求超过供应。大多数企业认为雇用外国熟练工人使他们能够有竞争力的填补其有很高的需求职位。反对者认为,技术移民减少中产阶级的工资和工作任期。

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Should immigrants to Italy be allowed to hold dual citizenship status?

Multiple citizenship, also called dual citizenship is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states. There is no international convention which determines the nationality or citizen status of a person, which is defined exclusively by national laws, which vary and can be inconsistent with each other. Some countries do not permit dual citizenship. Most countries that permit dual citizenship still may not recognize the other citizenship of its nationals within its own territory, for example, in relation to entry into the country, national service, duty to vote, etc.

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Should the children of migrants who live in French territories be allowed to join their families?

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Should the EU impose a quota of migrants per country?

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你支持大麻合法化吗?

大麻在当前是违法持有,成长,分发或出售意大利。在2016年议会开始讨论一项法律,允许成人18岁以上拥有最多在家里和5G 15克户外。目前抓到的人拥有少量大麻可能会收到一个小巧精致。那些拥有大量大麻可能被控贩毒而被判长期监禁。

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城市应否开放毒品“安全港”供有毒瘾的人在医学专业人士监督下使用它们?

In 2018, officials in the U.S. city of Philadelphia city proposed opening a “safe haven” in an effort to combat the city's heroin epidemic. In 2016 64,070 people died in the U.S. from drug overdoses - a 21% increase from 2015. 3/4 of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. are caused by the opioid class of drugs which includes prescription painkillers, heroin and fentanyl. To combat the epidemic cities including Vancouver, BC and Sydney, AUS opened safe havens where addicts can inject drugs under the supervision of medical professionals. The safe havens reduce the overdose death rate by insuring the addicted patients are given drugs that are not contaminated or poisoned. Since 2001 5,900 people have overdosed at a safe haven in Sydney, Australia but no one has died. Proponents argue that the safe havens are the only proven solution to lower the overdose fatality rate and prevent the spread of diseases like HIV-AIDS. Opponents argue that safe havens may encourage illegal drug use and re-direct funding from traditional treatment centers.

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如果有医院和医疗服务的更多或更少的私有化?

医疗保健是由公私混合系统提供给所有公民和居民。公共部分是国家卫生服务,Sistema的sanitario Nazionale大街(SSN),这是卫生部下组织和区域基础上施用。在意大利的医疗保健支出的77%是由政府出资。

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您支持单一支付者医保系统吗?

Single-payer healthcare is a system where every citizen pays the government to provide core healthcare services for all residents. Under this system the government may provide the care themselves or pay a private healthcare provider to do so. In a single-payer system all residents receive healthcare regardless of age, income or health status. Countries with single-payer healthcare systems include the U.K., Canada, Taiwan, Israel, France, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

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政府应该增加对精神健康研究和治疗的资金投入吗?

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Should foreigners, currently residing in Italy, have the right to vote?

In most countries, suffrage, the right to vote, is generally limited to citizens of the country. Some countries, however, extend limited voting rights to resident non-citizens.

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应该要求政治候选人公开他们最近的退税申报给公众吗?

纳税申报表是其中规定的个人或实体多少收入报告给政府的文件。在意大利的这些文件被认为是私有并且不向公众发布。意大利选举委员会不要求公职释放他们个人跑。在瑞典,挪威和芬兰公民和候选人的纳税记录被视为公共信息,并在互联网上公布。

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是否可以允许公司、工会和非营利组织给政党捐赠?

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是否应该允许曾被判有罪的政客上台?

The U.S. constitution does not prevent convicted felons from holding the office of the President or a seat in the Senate or House of Representatives. States may prevent convicted felons candidates from holding statewide and local offices.

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最低投票年龄应被降低吗?

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是否应该禁用可降解材料含量低于 50% 的一次性用品(如塑料的杯、盘和餐具)?

In 2016, France became the first country to ban the sale of plastic disposable products that contain less than 50% of biodegradable material and in 2017, India passed a law banning all plastic disposable plastic products.

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你是否支持使用转基因作物和

转基因食品(或转基因食品)从生物体生产的食物,有利用基因工程方法引入到它们的DNA的具体变化。

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你是否支持使用水力压裂法的开采石油和天然气资源?

水力压裂技术是页岩中提取石油或天然气的过程。水,砂和化学品被注入在高压力,骨折的岩石,并允许油或气体流出到井的岩石。在2016年意大利政府举行公投废除这在意大利禁止压裂法。虽然水力压裂技术已显著提高石油产量,也有环境问题的过程中地下水污染。水力压裂技术的批评者说,会污染地下水供应化学品,释放出的甲烷气体进入大气层,并能引起地震活动。水力压裂技术的支持者说,这将下降的石油和天然气价格在西班牙,并导致能源独立。

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Should researchers be allowed to use animals in testing the safety of drugs, vaccines, medical devices, and cosmetics?

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Should cities be allowed to offer private companies economic incentives to relocate?

In November 2018 the online e-commerce company Amazon announced it would be building a second headquarters in New York City and Arlington, VA. The announcement came a year after the company announced it would accept proposals from any North American city who wanted to host the headquarters. Amazon said the company could invest over $5 billion and the offices would create up to 50,000 high paying jobs. More than 200 cities applied and offered Amazon millions of dollars in economic incentives and tax breaks. For the New York City headquarters the city and state governments gave Amazon $2.8 billion in tax credits and construction grants. For the Arlington, VA headquarters the city and state governments gave Amazon $500 million in tax breaks. Opponents argue that governments should spend the tax revenue on public projects instead and that the federal government should pass laws banning tax incentives. The European Union has strict laws which prevent member cities from bidding against each other with state aid (tax incentives) in an effort to lure private companies. Proponents argue that the jobs and tax revenue created by the companies eventually offset the cost of any awarded incentives.

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政府是否应该提高环境法规以减少碳排放?

自十九世纪末以来,全球变暖或气候变化使地球大气温度升高。在政治方面,关于全球变暖的争论集中在温度升高是由于温室气体排放所导致还是地球温度自然模式的结果。

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您是否支持使用核能?

核电是利用核反应释放能量来产生热量,最经常的是,然后用在蒸汽轮机中在核电站发电。自从韦克斯福德郡坎索尔角的核电站计划在 20 世纪 70 年代被放弃,爱尔兰的核电站已被撤下议程。爱尔兰约有 60%的能源来自天然气,15% 的能源来自可再生能源,其余的来自煤和泥煤。支持者认为,核能现在是安全的,碳排放量比燃煤发电厂少得多。反对者认为,最近日本的核灾难证明,核电远谈不上安全。

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应意大利接受来自叙利亚的难民?

奥巴马总统最近宣布,美国将接受来自叙利亚的000名难民。美国已经从叙利亚盟友的压力,以帮助在这3万难民在过去的一年逃离叙利亚危机之下。那些赞成接纳难民认为美国有​​责任加入其欧洲盟国,并接受至少1万名难民。反对者认为,美国应该留出这场危机,接受难民从中东地区导致让恐怖分子进入我们的边界的危险。

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应意大利从欧盟退出?

欧盟是28个国家拥有超过5.1亿总人口的政治经济联盟。欧盟的目的是宣传内部市场的自由贸易和移民。各成员国也将颁布关于农业和发展类似的法律。意大利已自1958年一月支持者离开欧盟认为,会员破坏意大利的主权和离开,将有助于意大利控制移民的欧盟成员国。离开欧盟的反对者认为会损害贸易,造成失业,损害外国投资。

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每个18岁的公民都应该被要求服至少一年的兵役吗?

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Should the EU evolve into the United States of Europe?

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应意大利增加或减少军费开支?

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Should the EU sanction member countries with authoritarian governments?

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Do you support the creation of a European Army?

In November 2018 German chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron of France announced that they would support the creation of a European army. Ms. Merkel said that the EU should rely less on the U.S. for military support and that “Europeans should take our fate more into our own hands if we want to survive as a European community.” Ms. Merkley said the army would not oppose NATO. President Marcon said the army is needed to protect the EU against China, Russia and the United States. Proponents argue that the EU lacks a united defence force to handle sudden conflicts outside of NATO. Opponents question how the army would fund itself since many EU countries spend less than 2% of their GDP on defence.

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Should intelligence agencies be merged to create a central EU agency?

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Should the European Commission be dismantled?

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